Epinephrine is used to treat life-threatening allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) caused by insect stings, food, drugs and other allergens. Epinephrine is prescribed in an auto-injector that can be used during anaphylaxis to reverse the life-threatening symptoms. It is recommended patients with food allergies carry two epinephrine auto-injectors with them at all times.
Epinephrine auto-injectors expire; keep track of the expiration date, as the effectiveness of the epinephrine, may decrease after the expiration date. You can inspect the epinephrine solution through the devices viewing window to monitor for discoloration and particulate matter.
Warning signs of Anaphylaxis
Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction can vary but are typically characterized by a combination of symptoms involving two or more different body systems including:
Skin: flushing, itching, hives
Ears, Nose, Mouth & Throat: metallic taste, itching or tingling of the mouth, swelling of the tongue, lips or throat
Lungs: chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath
GI: abdominal cramping, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Cardiovascular: drop in blood pressure, dizziness, cardiac arrest
How to use?
There are multiple types of auto-injectors available with a prescription that may operate in different ways.
The injection of epinephrine should be given in the outer thigh and can usually be used through clothing, check your device’s instructions for details. After an epinephrine auto-injector is used, always seek emergency medical attention and bring the auto-injector with you to be disposed of.
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