If you’ve been looking into allergy shots (immunotherapy) to control your allergy symptoms, you’re on the right track. Allergy shots are over 90% effective at reducing allergy symptoms when appropriately followed. Two phases, a build-up and maintenance phase, make up an immunotherapy treatment plan. There are different build-up shot schedules to reach the maintenance phase. At Family Allergy & Asthma, we offer three schedules for allergy shots – traditional, cluster, and rush. The traditional schedule requires 1-3 shots a week for 3 to 12 months to reach the maintenance phase – when patients begin to feel the results. But when allergy and asthma symptoms are relentless, waiting 12 months for relief can seem endless. That’s why we offer cluster and rush schedules for patients who want to speed up that timeline.
Cluster build immunotherapy is a quicker approach to building up resistance to allergens. This schedule will help patients reach the maintenance phase within 5-6 weeks. Cluster shots require 8-10 scheduled appointments from 30 minutes to 2 hours long. Injections are given 2-3 times at each visit with a 30-minute waiting period after each injection.
Rush immunotherapy offers the fastest approach to reach maintenance. This form of allergy injections requires patients to receive increasing doses of a mixture of the allergens to which they are allergic over the course of one day. The appointment lasts approximately eight hours, but the patient will complete most of the build-up phase. After this appointment, patients visit weekly for their allergy injections and will reach maintenance within 16 weeks.
Note: While the majority of insurance plans cover traditional and accelerated schedules, some do not.
What to Expect for Your Family Allergy Appointments
Cluster and rush immunotherapy schedules are more convenient, but they are no small undertaking. Therefore, they require some preparation beforehand. Due to the large dose of allergens you will be receiving, both schedules require oral medication before the appointment. The medication reduces the risk of having a severe allergic reaction. Your doctor will prescribe the medications you should take before your appointment.
For Cluster: Take medication(s) 2 hours prior to each cluster injection appointment.
For Rush: Take the first dose of medications with dinner the day before your appointment. Take the second dose 2 hours before your appointment. Take the last dose before your 1st weekly visit after the rush appointment.
We recommend you wear short sleeves to your appointment, so your arm is easily accessible. Once you arrive, be sure to pick a cozy spot in our waiting room since you will be at our office for a few hours. Some of our offices have a designated area for cluster and rush patients. Once you start your session, it’s important to stay and finish it, so be sure to come prepared with anything you might need! Check the list below for our recommendations on what to bring.
#1) Something to occupy yourself
Cluster shots can take up to a few hours and rush shots take a full day. You will want something to keep you busy in between shots.
#2) Sweater or Jacket
Since you will be wearing short sleeves, you may get chilly in the lobby while waiting for shots. Short sleeves are recommended so the shots can be easily administered in your upper arm.
#3) Snacks and Water
Water is essential because staying hydrated is always important. Once shots start, you will have to stay in our office until they are complete. Rumbling tummies can make the experience less than enjoyable.
With cluster and rush allergy shots, symptom relief is closer than you might think. If you’re interested in changing to an accelerated shot schedule or starting immunotherapy, schedule an appointment to talk to your doctor. For other questions about allergy shots, visit our education page.